How The Cricket Sport Started – A Brief History

Read this short post as we share with all of you the brief history of the cricket sport.

As a sports fan, you might be excited to know the history of cricket sport and its early references. The bat-and-ball game since many centuries has captivated millions globally.

Two sides play Cricket with each team comprising 11 players on the field during an innings. A pitch is a rectangular area on the oval pitch where all the intense action takes place.

During the early 17th century, the English Colonies introduced Cricket to North America. Later, it spread to other regions globally in the 18th century.

The Britishers introduced the cricket sport in India and the colonists in the West Indies. As soon as the colonization began in 1788, cricket was introduced in Australia as well. Soon, the popularity of the sport spread in New Zealand and South Africa in the early 19th century.

Over the years, many fans have not only considered cricket just as a sport but also as an emotion and religion.

These facts may sound interesting, but it would be interesting to codify about what is the History of cricket and its beginning. How did the transformation of a raw sport into a professional game take place? The Introduction of the middle stump in cricket.

Moreover, have you ever wondered about the formation of the International Cricket Council (ICC)? On behalf of every fan, the answers will be discussed by highlighting the evolution of cricket in detail…

History of Cricket and its Beginning

The history of cricket began with the children in the Southeast side of England,  armed with sticks and stones 500 years ago. Farmers and shepherds in Rural England would play the sport for enjoyment.

The earliest reference in cricket marks the 16th century in England. In 1597, a lack of proper rules engaged players only in informal games.

Players used to fix a tree or other stationary objects as the target for stumps. The game involved participants using sticks or primitive materials to hit the ball or stone. 

Two youngsters played cricket on land in Guildford, Surrey for a court case in 1598. During that time, people played this sport by naming it “creckett”, regarding a disagreement about the ownership of land.

Later,  people started recognizing Cricket widely as an adult’s game in 1611. The game gained popularity and continued for several years by structuring various rules and regulations.

The Transformation of a Raw Sport  into a Professional Game: History of Cricket

As the popularity of the sport grew in the 17th and 18th centuries, the vocabulary in English underwent various changes, thereby creating a new name called “cricket”.

Formal cricket clubs began to replace thereby replacing sticks and stones with the bat and ball games. To provide a better striking surface, the design of the cricket bat evolved with various materials and shapes. 

The first cricket rules were written in 1728. It consists of the agreement written by the Duke of Richmond and Alan Brodrick, stating the basic rules of the game during that era.

However, the Laws of cricket came into consideration in 1744 by formalizing how the game should be played. These rules included a detailed guide about the pitch, wickets, bat, ball, number of overs, types of dismissals, umpires, and many more…

Hambledon Club was the first cricket club formed in the late 18th century by organizing matches, establishing rules, and standardizing the game.

Additionally, the laws in 1777 related to the width of the middle stump and bat, reflected the nature of the game.

The Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) was founded in 1787 to establish cricket rules and regulations.

Moreover, the U.S. and Canada played their first game in 1844. However,  Australia and England played a proper formal international match at Melbourne in 1877.

Ultimately, women’s played their first ICC World Cup in 1973. Whereas the organizers initially conducted the Men’s Cricket World Cup in 1975.

History of Cricket: Formation of International Cricket Council

In the early 20th century, cricket gained popularity to a peak level by witnessing many advancements and changes over many years.

As a result, the first council was formed in 1909, popularly known as the “International Cricket Council (ICC)”.

The governing body established in international cricket organizes various series and tournaments by maintaining the spirit of the game.

At present, the ICC operates 12 full-member playing nations and 96 associate members.

Introduction of the third stump in the History of Cricket:

The introduction of the third stump enhanced the sport. Furthermore, the middle stump in the history of cricket sport has made the dismissal more complicated and challenging for a batsman.

During the 17th and 18th century, two stumps weren’t enough for a bowler to dismiss any batsman. As bowlers, frequently targetted between two stumps, the ball used to pass through the gaps. Consequently, the survival chances for a batsman increased with the possibility to score more runs.

Finally, the rules of three stumps and two bails in cricket came into existence. Furthermore, the MCC’s laws helped in determining the accurate dimensions and arrangement of the stumps.

History of Cricket and its Impact in the 21st Century: Final Thoughts

To enhance the entertainment and excitement levels of the audience, the authorities split a single format of a cricket game into multiple ones. The faster pace of the lifestyle made it difficult for people to find affordable time and watch the longer format of the game.

The history of cricket sport began with the five-day test match. Afterward, Kerry Packer introduced the concept of limited overs cricket through ODIs in the 1970s, which included colored uniforms, matches conducted under lights, and playing with white balls. Finally, the T20 internationals were introduced in the 21st century, which continue to rule cricket.

Many Twenty20 events like IPL (Indian Premier League), BBL (Big Bash League), and PSL (Pakistan Super League) started to attract spectators globally.

Overall, the shorter formats of cricket generated maximum revenue contributing to the significant growth and development of the sport.

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