How Are ICC Rankings Calculated – Explained

ICC ranks international players on a scale of 0 to 1000 points based on their recent and past performance.

ICC Rankings, a table where the performance of international players— Batsmen and Bowlers, as well as teams; are calculated and ranked on a point-based system for different formats. Such as the test, ODI and T20I.

Over the years, the discussion among fans and experts about the best-performing teams and players always takes place based on the ICC rankings.

Being a true cricket fan, you might have wondered how the ICC (International Cricket Council) calculates its rankings for both men and women cricketers.

In this article, you will find out the ranking formula implemented by the ICC to determine the best teams and players.

ICC Teams Ranking Calculator

ICC rankings are based on points calculation for each team; and awarded to the teams for playing every test, One Day Internationals (ODI) or Twenty20 Internationals (T20I) match played. Later, the average is calculated for all matches of the series or tournament played by the team during a certain period and the final rating is calculated with an average score for the team. 

Typically, each team gets a single point for winning the match, 0.5 points for a draw game and an additional point for winning the series. For example, if Australia triumphs in the five-match Ashes series 2-1, they will gain 4 points, whereas England gets only 2 points.

Most importantly, the points allocated to the team depend upon the competitiveness of the opposition team in a match. For example, a victory against the superior opponent helps to achieve more points than a win against weak teams. 

Mainly, the strength of the opposition team is decided by their rating points at the commencement of any series or tournament.

How often are the ICC rankings reviewed and published?

The alterations in the ICC rankings of any team occur only after the completion of the Test, ODI or T20I series and not after each match.

At times, ICC might wait for the ongoing other series to get a final update on a team’s rankings, despite the completed series on the list.

Typically, accurate results can be expected within a minimum of 36 months to a maximum of 48 months to determine the teams that are eligible for participating in prestigious ICC tournaments such as:

  • World Test Championship
  • ODI World Cup
  • T20I World Cup
  • Champions Trophy

Are there any additional points for winning a series away from home? 

NO! There aren’t any extra points awarded to any team for securing a victory in a particular series away from home. It is because the opposition’s strength is only considered.

Comparison of Older Results vs Newer Results

There is a 50% importance for the first two years; whereas the 100% weightage will be given for the last 12 months to 24 months. 

How are the ICC Team’s Rankings Calculated for the World Test Championship (WTC)?

Under the World Test Championship Cycle, teams achieve 12 points per win, 4 points for a draw match and 6 points for a tie result. And the ratings can be calculated as shown below using a simple formula:

  • Points Percentage System (PCT) = (Points for winning team / Total Points) x 100

Finally, teams that settle at the top two positions of the WTC table will lock horns against each other in the finals that will be held every two years once.

How are ICC Player Rankings Calculated? 

ICC ranks international players on a scale of 0 to 1000 points based on their recent and past performance.

According to the ICC ratings, a cricketer securing 500 out of 1000 points in a match is eligible to rank in the list, whereas those with 750+ points have maximum chances to rank in the top 10s.

A player achieving a rating of 900 or more points will be considered a superior performer in cricket.

Each player’s performance is estimated using an algorithm; that consists of all pre-programmed calculations in various circumstances of a match. The ICC has ensured that there wouldn’t be any human interference in calculating a player’s ranking that varies according to the different formats of cricket.

The calculation of the performance rating of a batsman is based on the following factors in a particular cricket match:

  • Total number of runs accumulated
  • Combination of runs scored in series or tournament
  • Rating of opposition bowler a batter faces
  • Batting Average
  • Match Result
  • Comparing the total scores of both teams in a match

On the other side, these factors determine a bowler’s ICC ranking in test, ODI, and T20I matches:

  • Number of wickets taken
  • Runs conceded
  • Number of Dot Balls
  • Bowling Economy rate
  • Overall Match Result
  • Additional points to dismiss a top-rated batter

The late legendary Australian batsman Don Bradman achieved the highest rating ever with 961 points. Whereas, Steve Smith managed to accumulate a total of 947 points in 2017. However, in 2018, Virat Kohli became the highest-rated Indian batsman ever with 937 points in the ICC Test cricket rankings.

Example to calculate ICC Rankings of an All-Rounder

For all-rounders, a special category is maintained to determine the ratings; by considering an example of a cricketer having 900 batting points and 300 bowling points. The ICC Rating of an all-rounder can calculate as:

  • 900*300= (27000) / 1000 = 270 points

As shown above, you can calculate an all-rounder’s ICC ranking by multiplying their batting and bowling points and dividing by 1000.

If an all-rounder has zero points, either in batting or bowling, they will be ignored from the ICC ranking list.

How To Calculate Batting Average In Cricket?

Conclusion:

Overall, cricket is a gentleman’s game with the most number of variations globally from venue to venue; and country to country that influences the performance of every team and their players.

Currently, ICC hasn’t found a satisfactory method to rate wicketkeepers and fielders. They are still working on the proper strategies to prepare a statistical analysis that can practically satisfy every cricket fan. Conclusively, you can expect many interesting updates in the forthcoming days.

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